About Natural Gas | Reference Guides

The following tables provide information on the properties of Natural Gas and a range of alternative fuels.

The information is intended as a guide only.

Common Properties of Commercial Fuels
Fuel MJ/m3 MJ/kg MJ/L GJ/Ton Ltr/Ton
Natural Gas 38.7 53.6 53.6
LNG 53.6 22.2 53.6 2410
LP Gas Propane 93.3 50.0 25.4 50.0 1960
LP Gas Butane 124.0 49.5 28.7 49.5 1720
Kerosene - Lighting 46.6 36.7 46.6 1280
Kerosene - Power 45.8 37.2 45.8 1230
Motor Spirit - Petrol 46.5 34.4 46.5 1360
Heating Oil 46.0 37.4 46.0 1220
Automotive Diesel Fuel 45.7 38.4 45.7 1190
Industrial Diesel Fuel 45.5 38.0 45.5 1170
Heavy Fuel Oil - Low Sulphur 44.5 40.1 44.5 1110
Heavy Fuel Oil - High Sulphur 42.9 42.0 42.9 1020
Tar Fuel 39.0 39.6 965
Lubricating Oil 27.9 40.0 27.9 1120
Crude Oil - Indigenous 46.3 37.0 46.3 1250
Crude Oil - Imported 44.9 38.7 44.9 1160
Naphtha 47.1 32.0 47.1 1470
Coal - Brown Briquettes 22.3 22.3
Coal - Brown (Vic) 9.8 9.8
Coal - Black (NSW) 27.9 27.9
Coal - Leigh Creek (SA) 13.5 13.5
Coke 28.0 28.0
Wood 14.0 14.0
Electricity 1kWh = 3.6 MJ


Liquids - Gross Energy Content
Fuel MJ/L GJ/Ton Ltr/Ton
LPG - Propane 25.4 50.0 1960
LPG - Butane 28.7 49.3 1720
Liq. Natural Gas 54.9
Ind. Diesel Fuel 38.4 45.6 1186
Light Distillate 37.9 45.8 1208
Fuel Oil 40.8 43.8 1073
Heating Oil 36.9 46.2 1253
Black Coal 27.9

Energy Price Guide

How to use the Energy Price Equivalent Table
Identify the fuel in use.
Determine the current unit price from your supplier invoice.
Refer to the left hand column ($/GJ) to obtain the price equivalent.

Energy Price Equivalent Table
Price Equivalent Propane Butane Diesel (ADF) Petrol Electricity
$/GJ C/MJ $/Ton C/Litre $/Ton C/Litre $/Ton C/Litre C/Litre C/kW-hr
6 0.6 303.0 15.3 297.0 17.1 274.2 23.0 20.6 2.2
6.5 0.7 328.3 16.6 321.8 18.5 297.1 25.0 22.4 2.3
7 0.7 353.5 17.9 346.5 20.0 319.9 26.9 24.1 2.5
7.5 0.8 378.8 19.1 371.3 21.4 342.8 28.8 25.8 2.7
8 0.8 404.0 20.4 396.0 22.8 365.6 30.7 27.5 2.9
8.5 0.9 429.3 21.7 420.8 24.2 388.5 32.6 29.2 3.1
9 0.9 454.5 23.0 445.5 25.7 411.3 34.6 31.0 3.2
9.5 1.0 479.8 24.2 470.3 27.1 434.2 36.5 32.7 3.4
10 1.0 505.0 25.5 495.0 28.5 457.0 38.4 34.4 3.6
10.5 1.1 530.3 26.8 519.8 29.9 479.9 40.3 36.1 3.8
11 1.1 555.5 28.1 544.5 31.4 502.7 42.2 37.8 4.0
11.5 1.2 580.8 29.3 569.3 32.8 525.6 44.2 39.6 4.1
12 1.2 606.0 30.6 594.0 34.2 548.4 46.1 41.3 4.3
12.5 1.3 631.3 31.9 618.8 35.6 571.3 48.0 43.0 4.5
13 1.3 656.5 33.2 643.5 37.1 594.1 49.9 44.7 4.7
13.5 1.4 681.8 34.4 668.3 38.5 617.0 51.8 46.4 4.9
14 1.4 707.0 35.7 693.0 39.9 639.8 53.8 48.2 5.0
14.5 1.5 732.3 37.0 717.8 41.3 662.7 55.7 49.9 5.2
15 1.5 757.5 38.3 742.5 42.8 685.5 57.6 51.6 5.4
15.5 1.6 782.8 39.5 767.3 44.2 708.4 59.5 53.3 5.6
16 1.6 808.0 40.8 792.0 45.6 731.2 61.4 55.0 5.8
16.5 1.7 833.3 24.1 816.8 47.0 754.1 63.4 56.8 5.9
17 1.7 858.5 43.4 841.5 48.5 776.9 65.3 58.5 6.1
17.5 1.8 883.8 44.6 866.3 49.9 799.8 67.2 60.2 6.3
18 1.8 909.0 45.9 891.0 51.3 822.6 69.1 61.9 6.5
18.5 1.9 934.3 47.2 915.8 52.7 845.5 71.0 63.6 6.7



Energy Price Equivalent Table
Price Equivalent Propane Butane Diesel (ADF) Petrol Electricity
$/GJ C/MJ $/Ton C/Litre $/Ton C/Litre $/Ton C/Litre C/Litre C/kW-hr
19 1.9 959.5 48.5 940.5 54.2 868.3 73.0 65.4 6.8
19.5 2.0 984.8 49.7 965.3 55.6 891.2 74.9 67.1 7.0
20 2.0 1010.0 51.0 990.0 57.0 914.0 76.8 68.8 7.2
20.5 2.1 1035.3 52.3 1014.8 58.4 936.9 78.7 70.5 7.4
21 2.1 1060.5 53.6 1039.5 59.9 959.7 80.6 72.2 7.6
21.5 2.2 1085.8 54.8 1064.3 61.3 982.6 82.5 73.9 7.7
22 2.2 1111.0 56.1 1089.0 62.7 1005.4 84.5 75.5 7.9
22.5 2.3 1136.3 57.4 1113.8 64.1 1028.3 86.4 77.4 8.1
23 2.3 1161.5 58.7 1138.5 65.6 1051.1 88.3 79.1 8.3
23.5 2.4 1186.8 59.9 1163.3 67.0 1074.0 90.2 80.8 8.5
24 2.4 1212.0 61.2 1188.0 68.4 1096.8 92.1 82.5 8.6
24.5 2.5 1237.3 62.5 1212.8 69.8 1119.7 94.1 84.3 8.8
25 2.5 1262.5 63.8 1237.5 71.3 1142.5 96.0 86.0 9.0
25.5 2.6 1287.8 65.0 1262.3 72.7 1165.4 97.9 87.7 9.2
26 2.6 1313.0 66.3 1287.0 74.1 1188.2 99.8 89.4 9.4
26.5 2.7 1338.3 67.6 1311.8 75.5 1211.1 101.7 91.1 9.5
27 2.7 1363.5 68.9 1336.5 77.0 1233.9 103.7 92.9 9.7
27.5 2.8 1388.8 70.1 1361.3 78.4 1256.8 105.6 94.6 9.9
28 2.8 1414.0 71.4 1386.0 79.8 1279.6 107.5 96.3 10.1
28.5 2.9 1439.3 72.7 1410.8 81.2 1302.5 109.4 98.0 10.3
29 2.9 1464.5 74.0 1435.5 82.7 1325.3 111.3 99.7 10.4
29.5 3.0 1489.8 75.2 1460.3 84.1 1348.2 113.3 101.5 10.6
30 3.0 1515.0 76.5 1485.0 85.5 1371.0 115.2 103.2 10.8